The infant formula includes the molecular building blocks that is required to ensure growth and development in babies. The list of ingredients in baby formula can vary widely, but certain components are required. Minimum volumes of 29 different nutrients are required in the formula according to Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Infant formulas are sold as powders and reconstructed with water before use in a seemingly infinite range of formulations. The key is ensuring that babies are sufficiently nurtured healthily and securely.
ADVANTAGES OF USING INFANT FORMULA
- Infant formula ensures that baby is getting complete nutrition required for its growth and brain development
- Feeding infant formula to babies allows mothers to keep track of the amount of food eaten. The number of times a baby is fed infant formula can be either reduced or increased after consultation with paediatrician
- Mothers need to pay attention about the types of foodstuffs and fluids that they drink, as certain chemicals can move through breast milk. Infant formula offers wholesome nutrition avoiding any risk of negatively affecting a baby’s health
WHAT ARE THE MAIN TYPES OF INFANT FORMULA?
- Cow milk protein-based formula is based on cow’s milk protein. Cow’s milk is processed to imitate breast milk and is the most popular baby formula. This gives the correct nutrient balance and facilitates the digestion of the formula.
- Soy-based formula removes animal protein from the diet of our infant. In this formula, babies who are intolerant or allergic to cow milk formula, a carbohydrate that is naturally found in cow’s milk.
- Protein hydrolysate formulas have protein, which is partly or extensively broken down, into smaller sizes than cows and soy formulas. They are intended for babies who have allergic reactions to cow milk and/or soybean.
For healthy growth and health, the infant formulas should contain:
- Water: Water is an integral part of a child’s diet since a significant proportion of the baby’s body is made up of water. Fluid formulations do not require water addition. Understanding and following the instructions of the manufacturer when adding water to the liquid and powder concentrates is of primary importance. Too much water can contribute to a baby’s water poisoning by adding or using water in ready-to-use formulas.
- Carbohydrates: These ingredients provide energy to the brain, muscle, and other organs. Lactose is a glucose-connected carbohydrate. Formulas containing no lactose can also be used for infants with lactose intolerance.
- Protein: It contains various interconnected amino acids. It provides calories and the building blocks of amino acids that are required for an infant’s development. Casein and whey are the main proteins found in milk formulas and human milk. Cow milk isn’t used in soy-protein formula hence making it an appropriate substitute for children allergic to cow milk.
- Fat: This is an integral part of an infant’s daily caloric requirement in human milk and formula. Formula producers use a variety of fat vegetable oils such as maize, soy, safflower, and coconut oils.
- Vitamins: Vitamins are organic substances important for an infant’s proper development and growth. The body can’t produce vitamins, so they should be received from food. Some vitamins may cause headaches, vomiting, liver damage, brain swelling, and bone defects. Therefore, infants without pediatric care should not receive high doses of the vitamin.
Modern Lifestyle Fuelling Demand for Infant Formula Ingredients
With the growing number of women who enter the post-born workforce, mothers’ failure to lactate, and parents seeking natural sources of nutrition for their infants are some of key factors rendering parents conscious about infant formula ingredients.
The market for infant formula ingredients has exhibited remarkable growth in the past and the trend is expected to continue through the forecast period. Rising number of working mothers in regions such as North America, Asia Pacific, and Latin America will aid the overall expansion of the market.
DISADVANTAGES OF INFANT FORMULA INGREDIENTS
- The complex mixture of protein, fat, sugar, and vitamins is used to prepare the commercial infant formula. They could not fully match the breast milk compound as breast milk is slightly different from one mother to another to meet each baby’s individual needs. Besides, an antibody to protect the baby from infection is absent in the infant formula.
- Breast milk and infant formulas contain almost the same protein types, but breast milk has more whey protein, while a formula for babies has more casein protein. Whey protein is easily digested by an infant simpler, while on the other hand, the infant formula is more difficult to absorb in the gut and intestines because of increased casein content. These digestive problems can lead to higher gas and diarrhea incidences.
- Later or non-patient disorders — including diabetes, obesity, and childhood cancers — are not likely to occur in children who are breastfed. While artificial breast milk has no association with improved long-term health. However, the baby formula’s drawbacks are not always on the side of the baby. The health benefits of breastfeeding too are missed by women feeding their infant formula: The risk of heart condition, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer, and more is lower.
Infants are provided with different forms of nutrition. Formulas for infants include the purification of cow’s milk as a source, the mixture of fat sources in vegetable oils, the mixture of vitamins and minerals, lactose as a source of carbohydrate, and other ingredients, depending on production processes. The market for infant formula ingredients has grown rapidly over the last couple of years, as the population of working women has risen rapidly. The increased understanding of baby food feeding is crucial for growth registered in the market.